Leadership Practices and Organizational Commitment of University Teachers and Head of Departments
Author(s) : Riffat un Nisa Awan, Umaira Yasmin
The objective of the study was to investigate the relationship between leadership practices of department heads and organizational commitment of University teachers. The study has investigated the difference of leadership practices and organizational commitment with respect to demographic variables. Data were collected from 180 teachers and 37 head of departments from three public universities of the Punjab i.e. University of Education, University of Sargodha and Lahore College for Women University. Pearson correlation, independent sample t-test and one way ANOVA were used to answer the questions. Correlation analysis indicated that department heads engaged frequently in ‘Enabling others to act’ while less engaged ‘challenging the Process’. Organizational commitment level of department heads found to be higher than university teachers. Research study has identified significant differences only for one leadership practice i.e. ‘Modeling the Way’ based on years of employment. There were significant differences between ‘Challenging the Process’, ‘Inspiring a Shared Vision’ and ‘Modeling the Way’ based on educational qualification. The five leadership practices were significantly correlated with three forms of organizational commitment. There were no significant differences between organizational commitment of teachers based on demographic variables except for continuance commitment regarding current position and years of employment.
Keywords: Leadership practices, organizational commitment